Shih Tzus are adorable and affectionate companion dogs known for their long, flowing coats and charming personalities. Like all dogs, they require regular bathroom breaks to maintain their health and happiness. In this article, we will discuss how often you should take a Shih Tzu outside to pee, considering factors like age and other important considerations for puppies, adults, and senior dogs.

Understanding Your Shih Tzu’s Needs

Before we dive into the specifics of how often to take your Shih Tzu outside to pee, it’s essential to understand their unique needs and characteristics. Shih Tzus are a small breed with a relatively small bladder compared to larger dogs. This means they may need more frequent bathroom breaks. Additionally, their long fur can be prone to collecting urine and feces, making good hygiene and regular outdoor trips crucial.

Factors Affecting Frequency

Several factors can influence how often you should take your Shih Tzu outside to pee. These factors include:

Age: As dogs age, their bladder control and capacity change. Puppies have less bladder control and smaller bladders than adult and senior dogs, which affects how often they need to go outside.
Activity level: A Shih Tzu’s activity level can affect their need to urinate. More active dogs may need to pee more frequently than those who are less active.
Diet and hydration: The type and amount of food and water your Shih Tzu consumes can also impact their bathroom habits. Dogs that eat and drink more may need to pee more frequently.
Health issues: Certain medical conditions, such as urinary tract infections or diabetes, can cause increased urination frequency. It’s essential to monitor your Shih Tzu’s health and consult with your veterinarian if you notice any changes in their bathroom habits.
Environmental factors: Weather conditions, such as extreme cold or rain, can affect how often your Shih Tzu is willing to go outside to pee. They may be less willing to go out in inclement weather.

Now, let’s break down the recommended frequency for taking Shih Tzus of different ages outside to pee.


Puppies are bundles of energy and curiosity, and they also have smaller bladders and less control over their bodily functions compared to adult dogs. For a Shih Tzu puppy, it’s essential to take them outside to pee more frequently to avoid accidents and help with their potty training. Here’s a general guideline for how often to take a Shih Tzu puppy outside:

8-10 weeks old: At this age, puppies may need to go outside every 1-2 hours during the day. They should also be taken out after waking up, after eating or drinking, and before bedtime.
10-16 weeks old: As your Shih Tzu puppy gets a bit older, you can gradually extend the time between potty breaks to every 2-3 hours. However, continue to take them out after meals and before bedtime.
4-6 months old: By this age, most Shih Tzu puppies can hold their bladders for 3-4 hours during the day. They still need regular breaks and should be taken out after meals and before bedtime.
6-12 months old: As your Shih Tzu approaches adulthood, they will gain more bladder control. You can gradually increase the time between potty breaks to every 4-6 hours. However, be attentive to their signals and take them out as needed.


Adult Shih Tzus have better bladder control than puppies, but they still require regular bathroom breaks. Here’s a guideline for how often to take an adult Shih Tzu outside to pee:

1-2 years old: Adult Shih Tzus typically need to go outside every 4-6 hours during the day. This includes morning, midday, afternoon, and before bedtime.
Over 2 years old: As your Shih Tzu reaches full adulthood, they may be able to hold their bladder for longer periods, such as 6-8 hours during the day. However, it’s essential to monitor their individual needs and adjust accordingly.
After meals: Always take your adult Shih Tzu outside to pee shortly after they eat or drink. This helps prevent accidents and reinforces their potty training.
Nighttime: Most adult Shih Tzus can sleep through the night without needing to go outside. However, if your dog has a habit of waking up in the middle of the night to pee, you may need to make a late-night trip to the yard.

Senior Dogs

As Shih Tzus age, their bladder control may decline, and they might need more frequent bathroom breaks. Here’s a guideline for how often to take a senior Shih Tzu outside to pee:

7+ years old: Senior Shih Tzus may need to go outside every 4-6 hours during the day. Be mindful of their individual needs, as some older dogs may require more frequent trips due to age-related health issues.
Nighttime: Senior dogs may have more difficulty holding their bladder overnight. It’s a good idea to take them outside before bedtime and possibly once during the night if necessary.
Health considerations: Keep a close eye on your senior Shih Tzu’s health. Conditions such as arthritis or kidney problems can affect their mobility and bathroom habits. Consult with your veterinarian if you notice any changes in their urination frequency or behavior.

Tips for Successful Potty Training

Regardless of your Shih Tzu’s age, successful potty training is essential for maintaining a clean and happy home. Here are some tips to help with the potty training process:

Consistency: Establish a regular schedule for bathroom breaks and stick to it. Consistency helps your Shih Tzu learn when and where to do their business.
Positive reinforcement: Praise and reward your Shih Tzu when they pee outside. Use treats or verbal praise to let them know they’ve done well.
Supervision: Keep a close eye on your Shih Tzu, especially when they are indoors. Watch for signs like sniffing or circling, which may indicate they need to go outside.
Crate training: Consider crate training your Shih Tzu, as dogs are less likely to eliminate in their sleeping area. Use the crate as a tool to help with potty training, but never use it as a punishment.
Accidents happen: Be patient and understanding when accidents occur. Never scold or punish your Shih Tzu for accidents; it can lead to anxiety and confusion.
Clean up promptly: If accidents happen inside, clean up the mess promptly with an enzymatic cleaner to remove the scent completely. This discourages repeat accidents in the same spot.
Monitor water intake: While it’s crucial to keep your Shih Tzu hydrated, be mindful of excessive water consumption, especially close to bedtime, as it may lead to more frequent nighttime bathroom trips.


Taking your Shih Tzu outside to pee is a crucial aspect of responsible dog ownership. Understanding their age, activity level, and individual needs is essential for providing the right amount of bathroom breaks. Whether you have a lively Shih Tzu puppy, an active adult, or a senior dog, following the guidelines mentioned in this article will help ensure a happy and healthy life for your furry companion. Remember that patience, consistency, and positive reinforcement are key components of successful potty training. By meeting your Shih Tzu’s needs and providing proper care, you’ll enjoy a wonderful bond with your beloved pet for years to come.

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