St. Bernards are known for their impressive size, friendly temperament, and unique appearance. These gentle giants are beloved members of many families, but like all dogs, they have specific needs when it comes to bathroom breaks. Understanding how often you should take a St. Bernard outside to pee is crucial for their well-being and your home’s cleanliness. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the factors that influence the frequency of bathroom breaks, discuss how it varies based on age, and provide guidelines for puppies, adults, and senior St. Bernards.

The Basics of St. Bernard Bathroom Needs

Before delving into age-specific recommendations, it’s essential to understand the basic factors that influence how often your St. Bernard should go outside to pee:

Size: St. Bernards are one of the largest dog breeds, and their size affects their bladder capacity. Larger dogs typically have larger bladders and can hold their urine for longer than smaller breeds.
Age: Puppies, adult dogs, and senior dogs have different bladder control capabilities. Puppies have the least control, while senior dogs may experience age-related bladder issues.
Diet and hydration: The type of food your St. Bernard eats and their water intake can influence how often they need to urinate. A diet high in water content or excessive drinking may lead to more frequent bathroom breaks.
Activity level: Active dogs tend to urinate more frequently than less active ones. St. Bernards are generally considered a moderate to low-energy breed, but individual variations exist.
Health conditions: Certain medical conditions, such as urinary tract infections or diabetes, can increase a dog’s urgency to urinate. It’s essential to monitor your St. Bernard’s health and consult with a veterinarian if you suspect any issues.

Now, let’s explore how these factors interact with your St. Bernard’s age to determine how often they need to go outside to pee.

Puppies (Up to 6 Months)

Puppyhood is an exciting but challenging time for both you and your St. Bernard. During this phase, your puppy’s bladder control is still developing, and they require more frequent bathroom breaks compared to adult dogs. Here are some guidelines for taking care of a St. Bernard puppy’s bathroom needs:

Frequent outings: Puppies have small bladders and limited control, so you should take your St. Bernard puppy outside to pee every 1 to 2 hours during the day. This will help them avoid accidents in your home.
Establish a routine: Consistency is key when potty training a puppy. Take your puppy outside at specific times, such as after meals, after waking up, and before bedtime. Use verbal cues like “potty” or “outside” to help them associate these words with the action.
Crate training: Utilize a crate to aid in housebreaking. Dogs are less likely to eliminate where they sleep, so crate training can help your St. Bernard puppy learn to hold it until you take them outside.
Supervise closely: When your puppy is not in their crate, keep a close eye on them to watch for signs of needing to pee, such as sniffing or circling. If you notice these signs, immediately take them outside.
Positive reinforcement: Reward your puppy with praise and treats when they successfully potty outside. Positive reinforcement helps reinforce good behavior.
Patience and understanding: Accidents will happen, especially during the early stages of potty training. Be patient with your St. Bernard puppy and avoid punishment for accidents, as it can create anxiety and hinder the training process.

As your St. Bernard puppy grows, their bladder capacity will increase, and they will gradually be able to hold it for longer periods. By the time they are six months old, you can expect them to go outside to pee approximately every 3 to 4 hours during the day, with a decreased frequency at night.

Adult St. Bernards (6 Months to 7 Years)

Once your St. Bernard reaches adulthood, their bladder control and bathroom needs become more predictable and manageable. Adult St. Bernards typically need to go outside to pee at the following intervals:

Daytime frequency: Adult St. Bernards usually need to go outside to pee every 4 to 6 hours during the day. This can vary depending on their individual needs, activity level, and diet.
Evening and nighttime: Reduce the frequency of bathroom breaks in the evening and at night. Most adult St. Bernards can go through the night without needing to pee. However, be attentive to your dog’s specific habits and adjust as needed.
Regular exercise: Provide your adult St. Bernard with regular exercise and playtime, but be mindful not to overexert them. Physical activity can stimulate their need to urinate, so consider taking them outside before and after exercise sessions.
Mealtime routine: Maintain a consistent feeding schedule. Taking your St. Bernard outside to pee shortly after meals can help prevent accidents in the house.
Signs of urgency: Pay attention to your dog’s body language and behavior. If they start whining, pacing, or suddenly becoming restless, it may be an indication that they need to go outside urgently.
Senior considerations: As your St. Bernard approaches their senior years, typically around 7 years of age, their bladder control may start to decline. Keep an eye out for any signs of age-related urinary issues, and consult your veterinarian for guidance on managing these changes.

It’s essential to remember that individual St. Bernards may have variations in their bathroom needs. Some may require more frequent outings, while others may be able to hold it for longer periods. Always observe your dog’s specific habits and adjust their bathroom schedule accordingly.

Senior St. Bernards (7 Years and Older)

As St. Bernards enter their senior years, their bladder control can deteriorate due to age-related factors such as muscle weakness and decreased sphincter control. Here are some guidelines for taking care of a senior St. Bernard’s bathroom needs:

Frequent outings: Senior St. Bernards may need to go outside to pee more frequently than adults. Plan for bathroom breaks every 3 to 4 hours during the day, and consider shorter intervals if your dog shows signs of urgency or incontinence.
Senior-specific diet: Consult your veterinarian about switching to a senior-specific dog food that supports urinary health and overall well-being.
Monitoring health: Regularly check for signs of urinary tract infections, incontinence, or other urinary issues. If you notice any changes in your senior St. Bernard’s bathroom habits or behavior, consult your veterinarian promptly.
Accommodations: Provide accommodations for your senior dog, such as easy access to the outdoors and comfortable bedding. Senior dogs may struggle with mobility, so make it as convenient as possible for them to reach the designated potty area.
Medication or supplements: In some cases, your veterinarian may recommend medications or supplements to address urinary issues in senior dogs. Always follow your vet’s advice and instructions.
Quality of life: As your St. Bernard ages, prioritize their quality of life. Pay attention to their comfort, mobility, and overall happiness, and adjust their bathroom schedule accordingly to accommodate their changing needs.


Understanding how often to take your St. Bernard outside to pee is essential for their well-being and the harmony of your household. Remember that each St. Bernard is unique, and their bathroom needs can vary based on factors such as age, size, and health. By following the guidelines provided in this article, you can ensure that your St. Bernard remains happy, healthy, and accident-free throughout their life stages, from playful puppyhood to the golden years of seniorhood.

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